St Louis Pest Control Blog

Why Wildlife Exclusion is Important For Protecting Your Home

When most homeowners think of household pests, they usually envision insects such as termites, carpenter ants, spiders and cockroaches. However, even urban dwellers who want to keep their homes pest free should give serious thought to taking wildlife exclusion measures to keep their homes free of pesky wildlife.

Raccoon Roof DamageMost homes are naturally wildlife free during the warm summer months, but when the evening air of early autumn begins to take on a chill, homeowners need to begin giving some thought to wildlife control. Wildlife looking for cozy cold-weather living accommodations frequently attempt to set up house in human habitats and often have success if effective wildlife exclusion techniques are not properly employed.

Wildlife control is especially important for those who live in suburban or rural environments. The closer that we live to wooded areas the more likely we are to encounter wildlife trying to move in with us. Even though people living in cities often have to learn wildlife exclusion methods, they are usually only dealing with urban rodents such as rats and mice.

Raccoon House DamageProfessional wildlife control companies will often employ a live trap to rid a home of unwanted wildlife such as opossums, squirrels, raccoons, skunks, and chipmunks. This is only part of the solution, as once the invading animal has been removed, another may try to take its place inside your home, attic, or garage. Permanent exclusion is necessary to prevent this type of wildlife re-infestation. Such measure include sealing small holes with steel or bronze wool to prevent small animal entry, or using heavy duty screens or hardware cloth to cover large openings until such time as the siding or roofing material can be professionally repaired with matching materials. Vents are another common entry point for animals to gain access to attic spaces of homes. Look for the louvers of the vents to be even slightly pushed apart, or it may requires looking inside the attic to see if there is a screen or hardware cloth baking that is in place to prevent smaller animals such as squirrels and bats.

Raccoon Vent DamageWildlife exclusion is not the only thing which can or should be done to prevent invading wildlife. Raccoons and other scavengers are mainly attracted to human habitations because of the availability of food. One of the basics of wildlife control principles is to not create any type of food source for unwanted nuisance wildlife. Garbage cans, for instance, should have tightly secured lids so that animals cannot easily gain access to their contents. Animal control experts routinely state that animals can’t be expected to know the difference between a household trash can and a legitimate food source. In some states, such as Alaska, citizens can be fined if they are caught leaving household food waste outdoors in locations that can be easily accessed by bears.

Wildlife exclusion and wildlife control may sound like the same thing, but a few differences apply. Wildlife exclusion involving circumventing wildlife infestations by using preventative measures. Wildlife control involves taking action after the infestation has occurred. Animal control has been practiced in some form by human societies since the Stone Age, when animal control tactics were frequently necessary for human survival.


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